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Mikhail Vorontsov

Diary of the 1813 Campaign: 

August 1813


1 August [13 August].  At Plaue.

3 August [15 August].  Arrived at Brandenburg.

4 August [16 August].  In Brandenburg. In the evening, I received an order  to march to Spandau, while Winzegorode moved with the cavalry to Wittenberg. Prince [Wilhelm] is concentrating army since, according to intelligence, Bonaparte is advancing on Berlin.

5 August [17 August].   Marched at 2:00 a.m. to Spandau, six miles, visited the Prince at Charlottenburg.

6 August [18 August].   Bivouacked at Spandau.

7 August [19 August].   Marched with the infantry to Teltov.

8 August [20 August].   At Teltov.

9 August [21 August].   Advanced to Kaensdorf.

10 August [22 August].   Marched through Philippstal to Gutehorz.

11 August [23 August].   Battle at Gross Beeren. Position at Rulsdorf.

13 August [25 August].   Positions at Rulsdorf. [Joseph] O’Rourke with Cossacks, hussars and jagers pursued the enemy.

14 August [26 August].   Marched to Zedin.

15 August [27 August].   At Zedin. [Colonel Mikhail] Poncet,[32] who was wounded in the leg yesterday, was brought here.

16 August [28 August].   Took command of the advance guard at Juterbog and attacked the French rearguard there. [Alexander] Rayevsky[33] was lightly wounded. We had some 40 wounded jagers and Cossacks.

17 August [29 August]. I occupied Juterbog and marched to Nemek. Winzegorode made a flanking maneuver with cavalry to Marzan, where he engaged the enemy and returned to Nemek to rest. The French took up positions at Kropenshtedt and Marzan.

18 August [30 August]. At Nemek. [Alexander] Benckendorf moved with cavalry to Loblin and drove the enemy back.

19 August [31 August].  At Nemek.

21 August [2 September].  Conducted a reconnaissance

22 August [3 September].   In the morning, the French withdrew to Wittenberg and the [Russian] advance guard pursued them to Shmilkendorf. Battle. [Colonel Nikita] Izbash distinguished himself at Grabov.

23 August [4 September].  Bivouacked at Grabov and Shmilkendorf. I traveled to see [Alexander] Chernishev at Appolonsberg.

24 August [5 September].  The enemy moved to Zahna, driving back the Prussians. The advance guard occupied the redoubts and camp and advanced to Bistritz, near Zahna. A fighting took place with three squadrons and two guns. I bivouacked between Shtekensdorf and the former French camp.

25 August [6 September].  Battle began at Dennewitz, near Kaltenborn. Ney is completely defeated.[34]

26 August [7 September].  Spent night at Dennewitz. [Matvei] Pahlen and O’Rourke pursued the enemy.

27 August [8 September].   Celebration – march to Linde

28 August [9 September].   Bivouac at Linde

29 August [10 September].   March to Welsdorf

30 August [11 September].   March to Sweinitz and Essen

31 August [12 September].   March through Zahna to Berkau.



[32] Promoted to colonel on 10 January 1812, Poncet served in the headquarters of the Army of Danube during the Russian Campaign in 1812. In 1813, he served under General Mikhail Vorontsov, distinguishing himself at Rogozin, Bromberg, Kustrin, Magdeburg, Gross Beeren (received the Order of St. Vladimir, 3rd class, and promotion to major general on 27 September) and Uterbog. In 1814, he commanded a brigade comprised of four battalions of the Tula and Navaginsk Infantry Regiments and fought at Soissons, Craonne (earned a golden sword with diamonds), Laon and Paris.

[33] He was the eldest son of General Nikolay Rayevsky.

[34] Vorontsov commanded 3 horse artillery company, 2 jager battalions, 2 iinfantry regiment and 5 Cossack regiments in this battle.

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