Diary of the 1813 Campaign:
1 August [13 August]. At
3 August [15 August]. Arrived
4 August [16 August]. In
Brandenburg. In the evening, I received an order to march to
Spandau, while Winzegorode moved with the cavalry to Wittenberg.
Prince [Wilhelm] is concentrating army since, according to
intelligence, Bonaparte is advancing on Berlin.
5 August [17 August]. Marched
at 2:00 a.m. to Spandau, six miles, visited the Prince at
6 August [18 August]. Bivouacked
7 August [19 August]. Marched
with the infantry to Teltov.
8 August [20 August]. At
9 August [21 August]. Advanced
10 August [22 August]. Marched
through Philippstal to Gutehorz.
11 August [23 August]. Battle
at Gross Beeren. Position at Rulsdorf.
13 August [25 August]. Positions
at Rulsdorf. [Joseph] O’Rourke with Cossacks, hussars and jagers
pursued the enemy.
14 August [26 August]. Marched
15 August [27 August]. At
Zedin. [Colonel Mikhail] Poncet,
who was wounded in the leg yesterday, was brought here.
16 August [28 August]. Took
command of the advance guard at Juterbog and attacked the French
rearguard there. [Alexander] Rayevsky
was lightly wounded. We had some 40 wounded jagers and Cossacks.
17 August [29 August]. I
occupied Juterbog and marched to Nemek. Winzegorode made a flanking
maneuver with cavalry to Marzan, where he engaged the enemy and
returned to Nemek to rest. The French took up positions at
Kropenshtedt and Marzan.
18 August [30 August]. At
Nemek. [Alexander] Benckendorf moved with cavalry to Loblin and
drove the enemy back.
19 August [31 August]. At
21 August [2 September]. Conducted
22 August [3 September]. In
the morning, the French withdrew to Wittenberg and the [Russian]
advance guard pursued them to Shmilkendorf. Battle. [Colonel Nikita]
Izbash distinguished himself at Grabov.
23 August [4 September]. Bivouacked
at Grabov and Shmilkendorf. I traveled to see [Alexander] Chernishev
24 August [5 September]. The
enemy moved to Zahna, driving back the Prussians. The advance guard
occupied the redoubts and camp and advanced to Bistritz, near Zahna.
A fighting took place with three squadrons and two guns. I
bivouacked between Shtekensdorf and the former French camp.
25 August [6 September]. Battle
began at Dennewitz, near Kaltenborn. Ney is completely defeated.
26 August [7 September]. Spent
night at Dennewitz. [Matvei] Pahlen and O’Rourke pursued the
27 August [8 September]. Celebration
– march to Linde
28 August [9 September]. Bivouac
29 August [10 September]. March
30 August [11 September]. March
to Sweinitz and Essen
31 August [12 September]. March
through Zahna to Berkau.
Promoted to colonel on 10 January 1812, Poncet served in the
headquarters of the Army of Danube during the Russian Campaign in
1812. In 1813, he served under General Mikhail Vorontsov,
distinguishing himself at Rogozin, Bromberg, Kustrin, Magdeburg,
Gross Beeren (received the Order of St. Vladimir, 3rd class, and
promotion to major general on 27 September) and Uterbog. In 1814,
he commanded a brigade comprised of four battalions of the Tula
and Navaginsk Infantry Regiments and fought at Soissons, Craonne
(earned a golden sword with diamonds), Laon and Paris.
He was the eldest son of General Nikolay Rayevsky.
Vorontsov commanded 3 horse artillery company, 2 jager battalions,
2 iinfantry regiment and 5 Cossack regiments in this battle.