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Introduction

1812

January 1813

February 1813

March 1813

July 1813

August 1813

September 1813

October 1813

November 1813

 

Mikhail Vorontsov

Diary of the 1813 Campaign: 

February 1813

 

1 February  [13 February].  At dawn, Denisov with Cossacks harassed the enemy at Poznan, where a few Bavarians remained in the rearguard. He carried the town at 5:00 p.m. capturing fifty guns; two hours later [the Russian] infantry arrived. The members of the local prefecture came out and greeted us very warmly.

2-3 February  [14-15 February].  At Poznan.

4 February  [16 February].  At Poznan. Received a message that Barclay de Tolly was appointed commander-in-chief.[23]

5-7 February  [17-19 February]. At Poznan; had lunch with the local bishop.

8 February  [20 February].  At Poznan; I was promoted to lieutenant general.

9-13 February  [21-25 February].  At Poznan.

14 February  [26 February].  At Poznan. Chaplitz received order to make three marches to Gnevkovo, because, according to intelligence, the [French] garrison at Thorn wants to break through the siege. [Attended] funerals. Brimmer’s battalions [arrived]. [Colonel Mikhail] Magdenko inspected [Ivan] Arnoldi’s[24] company.

15 February  [27 February].  At Poznan. I sent a bill of 1 July for 15,000 rubles to Dokhturov so my debt to him will be 50,000 rubles – the percentage is paid now until 1 July 1814.

16 February  [28 February].  At Poznan. Count St. Priest arrived.

17 February  [1 March ].  At Poznan.

18 February  [2 March ].  At Poznan. I received 2,406 rubles in allowance, two thirds of it salaries for May and September and the Emperor’s present of half year’s pay.[25]

19 February  [3 March ]. At Poznan. Count St. Priest had left.

20 February  [4 March ]. At Poznan. Received an order to besiege Kustrin as soon as Count Wittgenstein’s advance guard would cross the Oder River.

21 February  [5 March ]. At Poznan. I received a message from Count Wittgenstein that his advance guard is crossing the Oder; he offered me to besiege Kustrin as soon as possible.

22 February  [6 March ]. Marched to Buk. Artillery and a battalion of the 10th Division is at Buk. Battalion of the 15th Division is at Neprushevo and Kalvi, [battalion] of the 9th Division at Siroslav and Lisuvki, the 14th Jager Regiment is at Zagovo, Wisochki and Grodishko, the uhlans and hussars are at Neitomyslo, [Aleksey] Ilovaysky’s Cossacks are at Tirchtigel, Panteleyev at Betshe, Barabanshikov at Beishtshene.

23 February  [7 March ]. Marched to Neishtadt (Polish Lvovek), with the artillery and three grenadier battalions. [Another] three battalions are deployed in nearby villages, the 14th Jager Regiment at Linno, the uhlans and hussars at Tirchtigel, Ilovaysky’s unit at Telpel, Barabanshikov at Shwibus,[26] Panteleyev at Shwerin.

24 February  [8 March ]. Due to bad weather, the infantry and artillery are resting [rastakh]. Argamakov marched to Mezeritz, where he would rest tomorrow. Ilovaysky’s Cossacks are at Drossen,[27] Barabanshikov at Shternberg, Panteleyev at Zonnenberg. Ilovaysky brought me 1,000 rubles in silver that Sabaneyev loaned me, so I asked him to deliver a receipt for them, dating it 1 March.

I paid dept to [Afanasii] Krasovsky and now have to come up with money for Sabaneyev. 1813

1 January Assignats 11,000 rubles
1 March   Silver 1,000 rubles
1 July   Assignats 50,000 rubles

All percentages are paid.

24 February  [8 March ]. I do not owe Kretov for 1814 and am sending now 190 chervontsy[28] owed to him.

25 February  [9 March ]. Marched to Betshe. Uhlans and hussars are at Mezeritz, Ilovaysky’s Cossacks and Barabanshikov are instructed to move to Frankfurt on Oder, but the destruction of a bridge there may delay them. Panteleyev is at Zonnenberg, the 14th Jager Regiment at the villages of Politsia, Yanov, Solben, Ronneker, Shirchin and Bobowitsko.

Grenadiers of the 1st Division: 1st battalion at Betshe, the 2nd at Stoki and Sharch.

9th Division at Levitze, Lewitzir and Lowen; the 15th at Shillen, Betcher and Swehochin.

N.B. Ilovaysky’s and Barabanshikov’s regiments crossed the river on boats and ferries, which are abound in the vicinity.

26 February  [10 March ]. Marched to Zilentzig,[29] where hussars, uhlans, artillery and the 14th Jagers also concentrated. Battalions of the 18th Division are at the village of Shermeizel, Wotworst (?) and Neidorf. The 9th Division at the villages of Ziski, Kurzig and Kainsht, the 15th [division] at the villages of Tempel, Grunzig and Neidorf, Ilovaysky’s unit at Lebus , Barabanshikov at Zelov and Panteleyev at Myasty.

27 February  [11 March ].  Marched to Drossen. Battalions of the 15th Division and the horse artillery are at Drossen (400 homes). Uhlans and hussars are at Repen (300 homes). Battalions of the 9th Division – at the villages of Mal Kishbaum (30 homes), Heitersdorf (40 homes) and Smaherey (30 homes); the 18th Division – at the villages of Zweiterf (30 homes), Zerbow (40 homes), Libikhov  (80 homes); the 14th Jager Regiment – at Zolow (60 homes), Kolow (50 homes), Drenzig (80 homes). [Bogdan] Helfreich join me here from Kustrin, where he was on bivouac, bombarded [the fortress] and offered [the French] to surrender; [the French] refused to meet him and his negotiator.

28 February  [12 March ].  Marched to Frankfurt [on Oder]. Magistrate and residents were extremely happy to meet us and invited us to a great dinner and reception.

 

Notes

 

[23] Barclay was appointed commander-in-chief of the 3rd Army.

[24] Major Arnoldi commanded the 13th Horse Artillery Company of the 1st Artillery Brigade.

[25] During the Napoleonic wars, an average ensign received 125 rubles a year, sub-lieutenant – 142 rubles, lieutenant –166 rubles, staff- captain –192 rubles, captain – 200 rubles, major – 217 rubles, lieutenant colonel - 250 rubles, colonel - 334 rubles, major general – 655, lieutenant general – 794 rubles and general 1,302 rubles.

[26] Present day Swiebodzin, Poland.

[27] Present day Miedzyrzecz, Poland

[28] 1 chervonets equaled ten rubles.

[29] Present day Sulechow, Poland.


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