Diary of the 1813 Campaign:
1 February [13 February]. At dawn, Denisov
with Cossacks harassed the enemy at Poznan, where a few Bavarians
remained in the rearguard. He carried the town at 5:00 p.m.
capturing fifty guns; two hours later [the Russian] infantry
arrived. The members of the local prefecture came out and greeted us
2-3 February [14-15
February]. At Poznan.
4 February [16 February].
At Poznan. Received a message that Barclay de Tolly was appointed
5-7 February [17-19
February]. At Poznan; had lunch with the local bishop.
8 February [20 February].
At Poznan; I was promoted to lieutenant general.
9-13 February [21-25
February]. At Poznan.
14 February [26 February].
At Poznan. Chaplitz received order to make three marches to Gnevkovo,
because, according to intelligence, the [French] garrison at Thorn
wants to break through the siege. [Attended] funerals. Brimmer’s
battalions [arrived]. [Colonel Mikhail] Magdenko inspected [Ivan]
15 February [27 February].
At Poznan. I sent a bill of 1 July for 15,000 rubles to Dokhturov so
my debt to him will be 50,000 rubles – the percentage is paid now
until 1 July 1814.
16 February [28 February].
At Poznan. Count St. Priest arrived.
17 February [1 March ].
18 February [2 March ].
At Poznan. I received 2,406 rubles in allowance, two thirds of it
salaries for May and September and the Emperor’s present of half
19 February [3 March ]. At
Poznan. Count St. Priest had left.
20 February [4 March ]. At
Poznan. Received an order to besiege Kustrin as soon as Count
Wittgenstein’s advance guard would cross the Oder River.
21 February [5 March ].
At Poznan. I received a message from Count Wittgenstein that his
advance guard is crossing the Oder; he offered me to besiege Kustrin
as soon as possible.
22 February [6 March ]. Marched
to Buk. Artillery and a battalion of the 10th Division is at Buk.
Battalion of the 15th Division is at Neprushevo and Kalvi,
[battalion] of the 9th Division at Siroslav and Lisuvki, the 14th
Jager Regiment is at Zagovo, Wisochki and Grodishko, the uhlans and
hussars are at Neitomyslo, [Aleksey] Ilovaysky’s Cossacks are at
Tirchtigel, Panteleyev at Betshe, Barabanshikov at Beishtshene.
23 February [7 March ]. Marched
to Neishtadt (Polish Lvovek), with the artillery and three grenadier
battalions. [Another] three battalions are deployed in nearby
villages, the 14th Jager Regiment at Linno, the uhlans and hussars
at Tirchtigel, Ilovaysky’s unit at Telpel, Barabanshikov at
Panteleyev at Shwerin.
24 February [8 March ]. Due
to bad weather, the infantry and artillery are resting [rastakh].
Argamakov marched to Mezeritz, where he would rest tomorrow.
Ilovaysky’s Cossacks are at Drossen,
Barabanshikov at Shternberg, Panteleyev at Zonnenberg. Ilovaysky
brought me 1,000 rubles in silver that Sabaneyev loaned me, so I
asked him to deliver a receipt for them, dating it 1 March.
I paid dept to [Afanasii] Krasovsky and now have to come up with
money for Sabaneyev. 1813
||Assignats 11,000 rubles
||Silver 1,000 rubles
||Assignats 50,000 rubles
All percentages are paid.
24 February [8 March ]. I
do not owe Kretov for 1814 and am sending now 190 chervontsy
owed to him.
25 February [9 March ].
Marched to Betshe. Uhlans and hussars are at Mezeritz, Ilovaysky’s
Cossacks and Barabanshikov are instructed to move to Frankfurt on
Oder, but the destruction of a bridge there may delay them.
Panteleyev is at Zonnenberg, the 14th Jager Regiment at the villages
of Politsia, Yanov, Solben, Ronneker, Shirchin and Bobowitsko.
Grenadiers of the 1st Division: 1st battalion at Betshe, the 2nd
at Stoki and Sharch.
9th Division at Levitze, Lewitzir and Lowen; the 15th at Shillen,
Betcher and Swehochin.
N.B. Ilovaysky’s and Barabanshikov’s regiments crossed the
river on boats and ferries, which are abound in the vicinity.
26 February [10 March ]. Marched
where hussars, uhlans, artillery and the 14th Jagers also
concentrated. Battalions of the 18th Division are at the village of
Shermeizel, Wotworst (?) and Neidorf. The 9th Division at the
villages of Ziski, Kurzig and Kainsht, the 15th [division] at the
villages of Tempel, Grunzig and Neidorf, Ilovaysky’s unit at Lebus
, Barabanshikov at Zelov and Panteleyev at Myasty.
27 February [11 March ]. Marched
to Drossen. Battalions of the 15th Division and the horse artillery
are at Drossen (400 homes). Uhlans and hussars are at Repen (300
homes). Battalions of the 9th Division – at the villages of Mal
Kishbaum (30 homes), Heitersdorf (40 homes) and Smaherey (30 homes);
the 18th Division – at the villages of Zweiterf (30 homes), Zerbow
(40 homes), Libikhov (80 homes); the 14th Jager Regiment –
at Zolow (60 homes), Kolow (50 homes), Drenzig (80 homes). [Bogdan]
Helfreich join me here from Kustrin, where he was on bivouac,
bombarded [the fortress] and offered [the French] to surrender; [the
French] refused to meet him and his negotiator.
28 February [12 March ].
Marched to Frankfurt [on Oder]. Magistrate and residents were
extremely happy to meet us and invited us to a great dinner and
Barclay was appointed commander-in-chief of the 3rd Army.
Major Arnoldi commanded the 13th Horse Artillery Company of the
1st Artillery Brigade.
During the Napoleonic wars, an average ensign received 125 rubles
a year, sub-lieutenant – 142 rubles, lieutenant –166 rubles,
staff- captain –192 rubles, captain – 200 rubles, major –
217 rubles, lieutenant colonel - 250 rubles, colonel - 334 rubles,
major general – 655, lieutenant general – 794 rubles and
general 1,302 rubles.
Present day Swiebodzin, Poland.
Present day Miedzyrzecz, Poland
1 chervonets equaled ten rubles.
Present day Sulechow, Poland.