Diary of the 1813 Campaign:
1 November [13 November]. At
Luneburg. I traveled to Bardovik to see Lowernstern. A detachment of
100 Cossacks and 30 hussars raided Hamburg. The French attacked at
Winsen [?] but left it one hour later and Cossacks occupied it
again. Jacobson delivered 1,800 arshins of cloth that was
requisitioned at Ultzen.
2 November [14 November]. At
Luneburg. The Tver Regiment arrived and was camped near the town. I
received news from Wegesak,
who commands in absences of Wallmoden,
that Davout retreated into Hamburg. I sent a courier to the Crown
Prince. Similar news came from Hamburg. The enemy (some 400 men with
a cannon) marched from Hohenschantz to Winsen; they drove back the
Cossacks but then turned back during the night.
3 November [15 November]. Early
in the morning I traveled to Winsen and ordered Lowernstern to
occupy this place with a battalion of the 9th Division, a dragoon
squadron, 2 guns and regiment of Popov 13th. Half an hour after my
visit, the French , some 100 men, approached Winsen, opened fire at
the town gates and turned back. I received an order from the Prince
[Bernadotte] to leave Winsen as soon as [Johann August] Sandels
reached Luneburg with his division. I dispatched Zakharov to Tolstoy
and Bennigsen, and Grebenshikov to Wegesak. Panteleyev arrived with
4 November [16 November]. At
Luneburg. Lowernstern was attacked by [the French] with 600 men and
two guns around 2:00 p.m at Winsen but repulsed them, inflicting
heavy casualties. Lieutenant Sonin was killed, while Lowernstern’s
brother [Vladimir] and [… .], and 10 Cossacks were wounded.
Yamsk Regiment marched to Hitereld. Count Wallmoden passed this
place on the way home. I received order from the Prince [Bernadotte]
that if Davout stopped between Stegnitz and Hamburg, I should attack
him together with Wallmoden.
5 November [17 November]. At
Luneburg. I received a message from Wallmoden that the enemy
abandoned Ratzeburg, but still defended Stegnitz. Panteleyev’s
regiment marched to Artlenburg and was ordered to defend the line
along the Elbe between Honsdorf and Winsen.
6 November [18 November]. Remained
7 November [19 November]. Marched
to Winsen, where I deployed grenadier and light companies. The 14th
jager and ½ horse artillery company are at Stele, the 13th Jager
and ½ horse artillery company are at Marschen, Pahlen is at
Hiterelde, Beshentsov at Zindorf, Dolon at […], the Navaginsk
regiment at Bardowick
8 November [20 November]. At
Winsen. Jacobson, with two squadrons, raided Hirnsburg and captured
32 men. One battalion of the Navaginsk Regiment was moved to
9 November [21 November]. At
Winsen. In the morning, alarm was sounded when the French attacked
Cossack outposts in the forest, near our positions, but then
[Notes abruptly end here]
Lieutenant General Eberhard Ernst Gotthard Wegesak (1763-1818)
commanded a division in the Army of North.
Ludwig George Thedel Graf von Wallmoden-Gimborn, (1769
– 1862) served in the Austrian army until 1809, when following
a campaign against Napoleon, he left Austria. After briefly
staying in British service, he entered Russian service on 30
March 1813 and commanded cavalry detachments under Generals Dörenberg,
Tettenborn and Chernishev in Northern Germany. He participated
in the battle at Dennewitz (received the Order of St. George,
3rd class, 2 October 1813) and Gohrde. In late 1813, he
successfully operated around Hamburg and Mecklenburg. He left
Russian service on 29 June 1815 and returned to Austrian army.
Sandels commanded the 2nd Division in the Army of North.
Peter Tolstoy commanded a corps at Dresden.