Diary of the 1813 Campaign:
1 [13 January]. I arrived to Marienwerde
and, it seems, had Chernishev not attacked in vain with his Cossack,
the viceroy [Eugene], Victor [Perrin] and some 20 generals with
several hundred officers would have been captured here. I signed
several veksels or loan bills to [Ivan] Sabaneyev
for 11,000 rubles out of which he gave 6,000 to Kovankova in St.
Petersburg and the remaining 4,000 rubles he gave me in 1,000 silver
2 [14 January]. At
Marienwerde. The infantry rests, the Cossacks are deployed at
Mrovysl, near the Vistula. [Fedor] Barabanshikov
had crossed the Vistula towards Stargard.
3 [15 January]. Marched to
Alt-Yani, with Lukovkin’s regiment proceeding to… Barabanshikov
is at Stargrad.
4 [16 January]. Arrived to
the village of Byala, march of 4 miles. Jagers are at Byala and
Gross Zaplis; grenadiers are at Bushino. I remained at Taschau. [Gavriil]
proceeded to Kulm.
5 [17 January]. Troops passed
through Swiecie and Selenie
on the route to Bromberg.
My headquarters was at Topoln.
6 [18 January]. The infantry
rested, while Lukovkin seized bromberg, capturing 7 [French] horse
jagers out of ten that were left behind to destroy the supply
magazines. We found over 200,000 pounds of flour and numerous
7 [19 January]. At 4.00 a.m.
I ordered the infantry to advance and then personally traveled to
Bromberg. As I arrived to Lukovkin, Beketov informed me that the
enemy was advancing in superior forces on the route of Thorn. I
immediately ordered to evacuate the town and dispatched the jagers
to delay the enemy while we destroyed the supplies in the town. The
enemy, with some 3,000 infantry and six guns, soon approached the
town, but, seeing that the forces were…. [incomplete sentence]
[Meantime], I left the town without
losing a single man and deployed my infantry at the villages on the
enemy flanks, with the jagers at Fordon, the grenadiers at
Ober-Strelitze and Ober-Gonz; Barabanshikov was ordered to marched
to Fordon and dispatch detachments to Shulitz
to threaten the [French] rear. Barabanshikov and Lukovkin, who spent
the night on the main road, were also instructed to harass the enemy
in the town. The enemy left the town at 2.00 a.m. without taking
anything from there but on contrary leaving some 300 ailing
soldiers. We immediately retook the town.
Arriving to the headquarters at Ober-Gonz, I found [Captain]
Barozzi [of the Narva Infantry Regiment] with letters and money
8 [20 January]. Ober-Gonz.
Barabanshikov entered Bromberg and pursued the French to Shulitz.
9 [21 January]. Still at
Ober-Gonz. Lukovkin marched to Bromberg, Barabanshikov is at Shulitz
and Panteleyev at Prsiczek.
10 [22 January]. Marched with
the battalions of the 15th Division and the 2nd [Battalion] of the
9th Division to Fordon; jagers are already at Fordon, battalions of
the 18th Division and the 1st [Battalion] of the 9th Division
remained at Ober-Strelitze and Iariscyno.
[The French] infantry marched from Thorn to drive Panteleyev from
Prsiczek but returned back after marching for a mile.
We found over 1,000 pounds of lead at Bromberg.
Panteleyev sent to me Captain Deraga, who was captured by his
outposts – he was Berthier’s aide-de-camp, an intelligent and
11 [23 January]. In the
morning, I sent a courier and Berthier’s capture aide-de-camp to
the main headquarters and then traveled to Bromberg in the
afternoon. I then wrote to the Commissariat to inform me on the
lines of communications.
The courier returned in the evening. The commander-in-chief
requested seizing Bromberg and sent me a new order of battle
according to which my detachment was to be deployed at Kulm and
Navra with headquarters at Bromberg.
12 [24 January]. Having
completed my business at Bromberg, I dined with Lukovkin and
returned to Fordon. I sent a dispatch with [Mikhail] Poncet
to the commander-in-chief regarding the quarters and suggested him
taking up with my forces positions either at Kulm or Bromberg. I
dispatched some 30 Cossacks and Barozzi to… upstream the channel,
where, it was rumored, the French have some 14 barges with textiles
and other goods.
13 [25 January]. Poncet left
early in the morning for the main headquarters. My detachment
remained at rest. We requisitioned bread and hay in Bromberg. Some
battalions found the French shakos and pantaloons in the town.
14 [26 January]. At Fordon.
In the evening I received a message from the commander-in-chief
instructing me to occupy both Fordon and Bromberg.
15 [27 January]. Still at
Fordon. I dispatched two detachments to Bromberg. Dunaev
had arrived here and Poncet returned in the evening. The 13th Jager
regiment also joined my detachment.
16 [28 January]. All my
infantry marched to Bromberg. Panteleyev was at Shulitze,
Barabanshikov at Labiscin and Lukovkin was at Nakel,
with an outpost at Gros. Barabnshikov had his outposts at Gnevkov.
Barozzi soon returned from the mission. The textiles and other
goods on the [French] barges were pillaged by the locals, who
declared that since Napoleon had plundered their property before,
they would now loot his goods. Receiving intelligence from Gnevkov
that some 30,000-men strong [French corps] would arrived to
Inowroslaw tomorrow, I ordered to detain the burgomasters and
prefects in both these towns.
17 [29 January]. At dawn,
Adjutant Sabaneyev arrived with the commander-in-chief’s new
deployment for our army. I dispatched him back in the afternoon and
then also sent [Nikolay] Arsenyev
with the Bavarian officer, who arrived to negotiate.
[Soon] I met the burgomaster of Gnevkov who had received
instructions from Inowroslawl to prepare supplies and forage for
30,000 Frenchmen; in the evening [my] troops also brought the
prefecture secretary, burgomaster and another official from
Inowroslawl, who showed me a letter from certain commissioner Le
Play of the 11th Corps.
18 [30 January]. Bavarian
Major Horn, whom I dispatched to the main headquarters, had returned
back. I received an order from Langeron to arrive to Kulm tomorrow.
There is news from the headquarters that the march on Koval and
Khodech was canceled and troops are ordered to blockade [the
fortress of] Thorn.
I ordered Barabanshikov’s regiment to Inowroslawl and,
receiving report that Ilovaisky IV is at Lobzenes, I moved Lukovkin
from Nakel to Shubin
19 [31 January]. I traveled
to Langeron at Kulm and met Dokhturov at Ostrometzko. Langeron
stayed with Mesherinov at Kulm and Chaplitz also visited him there.
20-22 January [1-3 February]. Stayed
23 January [4 February]. I
received a letter from Chernishev, who offered me to advance to
Pozen while he marched from Pozen to Glogau.
I dispatched Lukovkin to the main headquarters. In the evening, I
received news from Langeron that the army moved to Pozen. His letter
also had Sabaneyev’s poem attached to it.
Voici l’ordre de l’Admiral
Arrêttez-vous mon Général.
Ne volez que à la gloire
Au moins sans nous en faire part.
De grande envie vous faire couper le cou,
Allons done Général, allons nous en avec nous.
Enfin me direz vous que je n’ai rien à faire
Pardon Monsieur, pardon ne … pas des vers
Ils sons mauvais me direz vous
N’en porte – je vous avoue
Dans ce beau siècle ci
Tout se fait ainsi.
Un Poète d’un homme comme moi Sabaneeff
D’un marmiton un Roi Murat
D’un Perruquier un Diplomate Le Doux
Un Empereur d’un Bonaparte le Diable
D’un Amiral un Général Tchitchagoff
D’un Cavalier un Amiral Ribas
D’un Crésus un St. Lazar il y a en douze
D’un Capitale un simple Bazar Moscou
D’un petit duché un grand Royaume plusieurs
D’une Grande Armée une centaine d’hommes la G. Armée
D’un Sybarite un Conquérant Ko…
D’un lâche Poltron un Partisan Ku…
Adieu portez-vous bien.
Reponse en vers ou rien.
24 January [5 February]. At
Bromberg. Count Langeron arrived at 4:00 p.m. Lukovkin’s regiment
rested while Barabanshikov’s regiment moved to Mogilno and
Wilatovo. Panteleyev’s unit marched to Bartzin. I introduced Count
Langeron to the prefecture commission and our commissar.
25 January [6 February]. Marched
with jager regiment to Bartzin. Grenadiers and the artillery are at
Labyscyn, Lukovkin at Eksin, Panteleyeev at Znin while Barabanshikov
remained at previous location. According to disposition I was to
march to Mogilno tomorrow but at midnight I receive a new order to
take another direction, to the right. Denisov’s detachment
advanced to Trshemessena where it harassed the [enemy] infantry.
26 January [7 February]. Moved
the 13th Jagers to Zernik; the 14th to Yanowitze; the grenadiers to
Znyn; Lukovkin to Wongrowitze; Panteleyev to Lopienno, where he
encountered a Bavarian outpost and captured 16 men.
Barabanshikov’s regiment also captured four men of cheveaux
legers. Barabanshikov’s unit then advanced to Ryshevo.
27 January [8 February]. Marched
to Stempokhov with grenadiers and artillery. Jagers are at Rombchin
I wanted to gather my troops between Yanowitze and Lopienno, but
I halted after learning that Lukovkin was repulsed from Wongrowitze
and moved to Eksin. Afterwards, I was informed that the [French]
were not in force and soon left Wongrowitze; in addition, [Sergey]
Lanskoy advanced against the Bavarians, so I decided to move on to
Rogozino, where the Polish troops were deployed. Barabanshikov’s
regiment marched t Monchishki.
28 January [9 February]. On
march with infantry to Wongrowitze. Lukovkin advanced to the village
of Marlevo near Rogozin. Barabanshikov is at Kletsk, while
Panteleyev approached Shoken, 
where the enemy drove him back; he bivouacked nearby. The enemy also
harassed Lukovkin at Rogozin for entire day. The Bavarians left
29 January [10 February]. I
prepared to attack Rogozno early in the morning and went to examine
the [enemy] positions that were defended by a large [frozen] lake
that can be crossed only by infantry. I ordered Fisher’s battalion
to march on the main road across the bridge, while Filatov was to
move across the frozen lake directly to the village. I moved the
remaining seven battalions across the lake one versta from the town.
All columns advanced at the same time with drums beating while the
artillery remained on the lakeshore. The Poles
retreated at once but we captured 220 men and pursued the enemy to
Oborniki. Barabanshikov’s regiment arrived at Shokenlast night,
Panteleyev entered Studenetz on the Poznan road this evening.
Lukovkin remained in the village of Slomovka, half way to Oborniki.
30 January [11 February]. Infantry
rested today. I ordered Lukovkin to leave outpost near Oborniki and
marched to Murovannaia Goslina, where he was to take command of
eight Cossacks [regiments]. I already instructed Denisov to marched
join him, leaving outposts to look after the Bavarians who left
Gnezno marching on the road to Pobedzisko.
31 January [12 February]. In
the afternoon I was informed that the enemy left Oborniki; I
immediately marched to Murovannaia Goslina, while Cossacks moved to
Lovinek and reached Poznan in the morning; Colonel Panteleyev
crossed the Warta River at Lovinek and advanced along the road
leading to Kustrin.
Present day Kwidzyn, Poland
Ivan Sabaneyev, lieutenant general, he served as the Chief of
Staff of the Army of Moldavia and the 3rd Western Army in 1812. In
1813, he served as chief of staff of the Russian army and took
part in actions at Thorn (received the Order of Alexander of
Neva), Koenigswartha, Bautzen, Dresden Kulm and Leipzig; for his
actions in the last two battles, he received the Orders of St.
Alexander of Neva and of St. Vladimir (1st class).
Fedor Barabanshikov, lieutenant colonel, commanded a Cossack
regiment and distinguished himself at Bromberg and Kustrin in
1813. Promoted to colonel on 28 June 1813, he distinguished
himself at Berlin and Leipzig later that year.
Present day Starogard Gdanski, Poland.
According to “Voenno-dislokatsionnii zhurnal voisk, poo
komandovaniem general-leitenanta grafa Vorontsova sostoyashikh”
[Journal of the Military Deployments of the Troops Commanded by
Lieutenant General Count Vorontsov], Lukovkin was dispatched on 15
January to the village of Mayevo, where he captured 328 French
soldiers and officers.
Gavriil Lukovkin served in Chernyshev’s cavalry detachment, took
part in the operations in the Duchy of Warsaw and fought at Igumen,
Vilna and Kovno. In early 1813, he served in the corps of
Vorontsov and Osten-Sacken and was promoted to major general on 28
June 1813. Lukovkin distinguished himself during the pursuit of
the French forces after the battle of Leipzig and garnered the
Order of St. George (3rd class) on 19 October 1813.
Present day Chelmno, Poland
Present day Oselsko, Poland
Present day Bydgoszcz, Poland
Present day Solez-Kuawsky, Poland
Poncet Mikhail Ivanovich (Francois Michel) was born to a French
noble family in Dresden. Promoted to colonel on 10 January 1812,
he served in the headquarters of the Army of Danube during the
Russian campaign in late 1812. In 1813, he served under General
Mikhail Vorontsov, distinguishing himself at Rogozin, Bromberg,
Kustrin, Magdeburg, Gross Beeren (received the Order of St.
Vladimir, 3rd class, and promotion to major general on 27
September) and Uterbog, where he was wounded.. In 1814, he
commanded a brigade comprised of four battalions of the Tula and
Navaginsk Infantry Regiments and fought at Soissons, Craonne
(earned a golden sword with diamonds), Laon and Paris.
Dunaev was Vorontsov’s duty officer. He distinguished himself at
Borodino, where he assumed command of the Combined Grenadier
Division after Vorontsov was wounded, and at Krasnyi. After
serving under Vorontsov in 1813, he rose to colonel in the Narva
Infantry Regiment and was seriously wounded at Craonne in 1814.
After the Napoleonic Wars, he commanded the 15th Division.
Present day Naklo, Poland.
Nikolay Vasilievich Arsenyev was Vorontsov’s adjutant in
1809-1815 and commanded the Smolensk Infantry Regiment after the
Present day Skoki, Poland.
These Polish units were from Eugene’s corps.