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Fedor Shubert

Diary Of The 1813 Campaign

Translated and Edited By Alexander Mikaberidze, FINS

Source: State Historical Museum, f. 60, op. 3, ed. khr. 2634, ll. 1-7.

Fedor Fedorovich Shubert (1789 – 1865) was born to a German noble family in St. Petersburg. He began service in the Quartermaster Service of the Imperial Retinue and served on a diplomatic mission to China in 1805.Returning to Russia, Shubert rose to a sub-lieutenant in the quartersmaster service and took part in the campaigns in Poland in 1806-1807, fighting at Eylau (wounded, earned the Order of St. Vladimir, 4th class). After recuperating, he joined the Russian army in Finland and fought at Forsbü, Revelholm and the capture of the Aland Islands. In the summer of 1809, he took part in the Russo-Swedish negotiations leading to the Peace Treaty of Fridrixham on 17 September 1809. Shubert then served under the Russian Foreign Minister Nikolay Rumyantsev and served on several diplomatic missions to Napoleon between late 1809 and early 1810.

In the spring of 1810, Shubert joined the Army of Danube and fought at Silistra, Shumla, Ruse and Batin, where he was wounded and earned promotion to captain and a golden sword. During the 1812 Campaign, he served as ober-quartermaster of the 2nd Cavalry Corps in the 1st Western Army and took part in the actions at Ostrovno, Smolensk, Borodino, Spas Kuplya, Tarutino, Maloyaroslavets, Vyazma and Krasnyi. For the 1812 Campaign, Shubert garnered the Order of St. Anna (2nd class) with diamonds and promotion to lieutenant colonel (29 July 1813). In 1813, he served with the 2nd Cavalry Corps at Glogau, Lutzen, Bautzen, Reichenbach, Löwenberg, Goldberg, Katzbach, Zobten and Leipzig, where he earned the rank of colonel and the Prussian Orders of Red Eagle and the Pour le Merite.

In 1814, Shubert served in the Army of Silesia and distinguished himself at La Fère Champenoise and Paris. In March-December 1814, he served as a liaison officer between the Russian and Prussian headquarters. In July 1815, he became ober-quartermaster of the Russian occupation corps in France, where he remained for the next three years. Returning to Russia, Shubert became director of the III Section of the Military Topographic Depot in 1819, director of the Topographic Corps in 1822 and director of the Military Topographic Depot in 1832. In 1829-1837, he headed the Hydrographic Bureau of the Naval General Staff, rising to major general in 1820, to lieutenant general in 1831 and general of infantry in 1845. He served as general quartermaster of the General Staff in 1834-1843 before becoming a member of the War Council in 1843 and head of the Military Academic Committee in 1846. During his career, Shubert was instrumental in completing numerous topographic maps and surveys of various Russian provinces.

NOTE: Dates in French text are according Julian calendar. Spelling of words and names are preserved as in original.

 


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