ENG | GEO Home | About NSG | History | E-Library | Contact Us
~jojoxeTuri manqana~

 

mixeil gaCeCilaZe

saqarTvelos napoleonis sazogadoeba



    1800 wlis 3 nivozs (24 dekembers), Sobis win, safrangeTis umaRlesi xelisufali, pirveli konsuli napoleon bonaparti, misi meuRle Jozefina, ojaxis wevrebi da Tanmxlebi pirebi operaSi wasvlas apirebdnen. im dRes operaSi anu rogorc mas im periodSi uwodebdnen, respublikuri xelovnebis TeatrSi, haidnis ~samyaros Seqmnis~ prezentacia iyo. parizulma gazeTebma mosaxleobas auwyes, rom Tatrs im saRamos TviT pirveli konsuli, napoleon bonapartic ewvevoda.
    Tanamedroveebis gadmocemiT, im dros, rodesac napoleoni, Jozefina, misi geri da karolina mzadiyvnen gasamgzavreblad, generali Jan rapi miuaxlovda Jozefinas, romelsac konstantinepolidan Camotanili lamazi mosasxami ecva, da Tavazianad SeniSna:~neba momeciT, patara SeniSvna gavakeTo. dRes mosasxams TqvenTvis Cveuli graciiT ar atarebT~. Jozefinam mxiarulad upasuxa generals da SesTavaza mosasxami egviptur stilSi moexvia. (generali rapma monawileoba miiRo napoleonis aRmosavleTis laSqrobaSi).
    Semdeg yvelani etlebSi Casxdnen. napoleni win miuZRvoda Tavis ekipaJs da mas Tan axldnen Jan lani, Sarl lebrani, Jan-batist besieri da kavaleriis eskorti. Jozefina, gortnzia, karolina da rapi maT ukan mohyvebodnen.
    napoleonis meetle Jermani, romelsac dekembris am civ saRamos, Cveulze ufro meti Rvino daelia, etls didi siCqariT miaqrolebda parizis viwro quCebSi. ekipaJi Teatrs uaxlovdeboda, rodesac afeTqebis gamayrueebeli xma gaisma. pirveli ekipaJis minebi Cailewa, xolo meore ekipaJi, romelsac mandilosnebi mihyavda, afeTqebis talRam gverdze moisrola, ris Sedegad ekipaJi amobrunda da erTi cxeni daiRupa. ekipaJSi myofi qalbatonebi SokSi Cavardnen. SuSis namsxvrevebma gortenzias maJa gauWra , ris gamoc misi kaba sisxlisfrad SeiReba. Jozefinas guli wauvida. sabednierod, karolina, romelic orsulobi merve Tveze imyofeboda, ar daSavebula.
    masiuri bomba, romelic rkinis naWrebisagan Sedgeboda, kafe ~apolonis~ win, sent-nikezisa da meltis quCebis gadakveTaze mdgar marxilze iyo gantavsebuli. pirveli konsuli SemTxvevam gadaarCina. rogorc zemoT aRvniSneT, meetle, simTvralis gamo, Cveulebrivze ufro swrafad atarebda etls. amitom afeTqeba napoleonis etlis gavlis Semdeg da Jozefinas etlis miaxlovebda moxda. swored am SemTxvevam gadaarCina safrangeTis xelisufali da misi ojaxi. Tumca afeTqebas bevri msxverpli mohyva. quCaSi mdgari Tu mimavali 52 pirovneba, maT Soris kafe ~apoloni~-Si myofi 12 adamiani daiRupa da daiWra. agreTve daiWra eskortis erT-erTi grenaderi, romelic napoleonis etls mohyveboda.afeTqeba imsxverpla axalgazrda gogona, saxelad penseli, romelsac Tavdamsxmelebma 12 sus fasad etlTan dadgoma da cxenis unagiris daWera SesTavazes. afeTqebis epicentris irgvlev dazianda mTeli rigi Senobebisa.
    aseT moulodneli Tavdasxmis winaSe aRmoCenilma napoleonma saocari gadawyvetileba miiRo - man operaSi wasvla da dadgmis naxva gadawyvita. operaSi pirvel konsulsa da mis Tanmxleb pirebs ovaciebiT Sexvdnen. cnobili mwerai stefan cveigi amastan dakavsirebiT wers:~~fermkrTali, saxegaqvavebuli ganagrZobs gzas bonaparti operisaken, raTa aRtacebul sazogadoebas daanaxos, rogori gulmagaria safrangeTis pirveli konsuli. da im dros, rodesac mis gverdiT mjdom Jozefinas nerviulad akankalebs da cremlebi axrCobs, is, garindebuli, gulgrilad ismens haidnis naz melodiebs, Semdeg Tavs Zalas atans da dinji madlobiT pasuxobs aRtyinebul damswreTa SeZaxilebs.
napoleonma operaSi dadgmis dasrulebamde dahyo da Semdeg sasaxleSi dabrunda.
    dabrunebisas napoleons ministrebis da saxelmwifo mrCevlebi daxvdnen, romlebic Sekrebuliyvnen. napoleonma ganacxada:~ar iyo aq mosvlisa da Cemi monaxulebis aucilebloba. Tqven dauyonebliv unda waxvideT da daexmaroT im ubedur xalxs~. dagvianebiT gamocxadda policiis ministri Jozef fuSec, romlis danaxvisTanave, napoleonma daiyvira ~es iakobinelebi arian, teroristebi, marad meamboxe aramzadebi, yvela mTavrobis winaaRmdeg rom piri aqvT Sekruli ! es avazakebi, oRond me momklan da, mzad arin aTasobiT adamiani imsxverplon. magram mec samagaliTod gavuswordebi maT~.
    yofilma radikalma iakobinelma fuSem  civad moismina pirveli konsulis sityvebi da Semdeg SeniSna, rom afeTqeba roialistebis mier aris mowyobili. magram napoleonma kidev erTxel ganucxada rom afeTqeba iakobinelebis mier aris momzadebuli da ~me rom amgvar viTarebaSi policiis minisri vyofiliyavi, sasowarkveTilebisagan Tavs CamovixrCobdi~. vidre fuSe momxdars iZiebda, Sedgenili iqna eWvmitanili iakobinelebis siebi, romlebSic 100 meti kaci aRmoCnda. yvelani safrangeTidan gadasaxlebuli iqnen.
    xuTi TviT adre daaxloebiT amgvar SeYqmulebaSi napoleonis winaaRmdeg monawileobdnen iakobinelebi, romlebsac xelmZRvanelobda arena da revoluciuri tribunalis wevri topino-lebruni. SeTqmulebaSi monawileebma SeiZines xanjlebi - iulius keisris mkvlelobidan 1844 wlis Semdeg msgavsi bedi unda swveoda safrangeTis pirvel konsuls, napoleon bonapartsac.
    aseve, ramodenime kviriT adre dakavebuli iqna yofili iakobineli saxelad Sevalie, romelmac aRiara, rom salpetrieris eklesiasTan ukan lursmebiT savse asafeTqebeli mowyobiloba ganaTavsa.
afeTqebaSi eWvmitanili iakobinelebis Zebnis paralelurad, fuSe agreTve am saqmeSi roialistebis monawileobis SesaZleblobas ikvlevda. miuxedavad imisa, rom afeTqebis Sedegad marxili srulad ganadgurda, policiam mainc SeZlo misi rekonstruqcia da qalaqSi mis Sesaxeb gamokiTxvas Seudga. cota xanSi policiam miagno kidec marxilis patrons -  xorbliT movaWrem icno Tavisi marxilisa da cxenis naSTebi, romlebic mas ramodenime xnis win quCaSi gamyidvels mihyida. policiam dauyonebliv moipova am ucnobi gamyidvelis aRweriloba. aseve policiaSi mowveuli iqnamejinebec, romlis TavlaSi mcire xnis ganmavlobaSi idga cxeni da romelmac policias damatebiTi informacia miawoda.
mopovebuli informaciia safuZvelze policiam ucnob gamyidvelSi amoicno yaCaRobisaTvis Zebnili Suani zedmet saxelad ~patara fransua~. im dResve gamocxadda, rom Zebnilis daWeraSi dawesda 12,000 franki. amis paralelurad, policiam ganagrZo damnaSavis pirovnebis identificireba da mcire xanSi gaarkvia, rom ~patara fransua~-s zedmetsaxels amofarebuli iyo fransua-Jan karboni. karbonis axloblebisa da naTesavebis dakiTxvis Semdeg, policiam SeZlo TviTon karbonis dapatimreba notr-dam-de-Sampis eklesiaSi.
    korboni dauyonebliv dakiTxes, ris Sedegad policiam moipova SeTqmulebaSi monawileebis namdvili saxelebi.
aRmoCnda, rom ~jojoxeTuri manqana~ ori roialistis, pier robina de sen regentisa (
Pierre Robinault de Saint-Regent), safrangeTis flotis yofili oficeri da vandeaSi ganlagebuli roialisturi armiis xelmZRvaneli, da Jozef-pier piko de limolani (Joseph-Pierre Picot de Limoelan) aseve vandeaSi mimdinare omis monawile. dakiTxvaze sen-regentma ganacxada, rom ~tyviawamali ar iyo Sesabamisi xarisxis, ris gamoc afeTqeba ori Tu sami wamis dagvianebiT moxda. ase rom ar momxdariyo, pirveli konsuli ueWvelad daiRupeboda. yvelaferi tyviawamlis bralia . . . .~ amasTan, napoleonis ekipaJis siswrafem da gvardiis dacvam ar misca  sen-regents asafeTqebeli mowyobilobis zustad momarTvis saSualeba.ufro metic, afeTqebis Sedegad igi TviTonac daiWra.
    dakiTxvis Sedegad gairkva, rom SeTqmulebis orive monwile parizSi Suanebis cnobili beladis, JorJ kadudalis davalebiT Camovida. kadudali Tavis mxriv Rebulobda didi britaneTis mTavrobis dafinansebas (didi britaneTi fuls agreTve sen-regentsac uxdida), raTa mas safrangeTis saWeTmpyrobelze Tavdasxma moewyo.
    1801 wlis 21 aprils (1 floreals) grevis moedanze sen-regenti da karboni sikvdiliT dasajes.
1800 wlis maisSi kadudalma , didi britaneTis daxmarebiT, farulad SeaRwia safrangeTSi. kadudalis upirvelesi amocana iyo, didi britaneTis saidumlo samsaxurebis mier misTvis gadmoemuli 20,000 funti sterlingis gamoyenebiT aemboxebina Suanebi da sanapiroze ganlagebuli garnizonebi, da moewyo Tavdasxma pirvel konsulze. kadudali ramodenimejer Sexvda didi britaneTis  mTavrobis warmomadgnlebs napoloenze dagegmili Tavdasxmis Taobaze.
    iuliam vindhemis, didi britanetis samxedro mdivnis dRiuri cxadyofs, rom sagareo saqmeTa saministros ~kargad esmoda misi (Tavdasxmis) mniSvneloba . . .~ 1800 wlis 13 agvsitos vindhemma Cawera Tavis dRiurSi:~generali JorJ [kadudali] acxadebs, rom ori Tvis Tavze bonaparti mokluli iqneba. . .~
    napoleonze dagegmil Tavdasxmamde erTi TviT adre, kadudalma monawileoba miiRo  kvimperis episkoposis odrenis (
Bishop Audrein) mkvlelobaSi da senator klement de riss (Clement de Ris) motacebaSi. (rac safuZvlad daedo onore de balzakis moTxrobas ~bneli saqme~ (Une Tenebreuse Affaire).
    napoleonze Tavdasxmis warumateblobis Semdeg, kadudali did britaneTSi dabrunda, sadac ganagrZo britaneTis mTavrobis samsaxurSi yofna (kviraSi 8 funti sterlingi).
did britaneTSi gaqceva moaxerxes agreTve SeTqmulebaSi monawile kidev samma pirma - Suanelma oficrebma andre Juam (
Andre Joyaux), koster sen-viqtorma (
Coster Saint-Victor) da lui-Jozef-benin de la hai-sen-hilarma (Louis-Joseph-Benigne de La Haya-Saint-Hilaire).
    andre Jua da sen-viqtori agreTve monawileobdnen, frang generlebTan Jan viqtor moros (
Jean Victor Moreau) da Jan Sarl piSegriusTan (Jean Charles Pichegru) erTad, kadudalis mier napoleonze ganxorcielebuli meore SeTqmulebaSic, romelic bonapartis gatacebas da mokvlas gulisxmobda. Tumca SeTqmuleba gaxsnili iqna da misi monawileTa umetesoba daapatimres da sikvdiliT dasajes. piSegrium, savaraudod, cixeSi Tavi moikla, xolo moro safrangeTidan iqna gadasaxlebuli, Tumca sikvdili mas napoleonis winaaRmdeg gamarTul brZolaSi mravali wlis Semdeg, 1813 wels ewera.
la hai-sen-hilari mcire xanSi dabrunda safrangeTSi da ganagrZo Tavisi moRvaweoba SuanebSi. 1807 wlis seqtemberSi vanis episkoposis motacebisas, JandarmebTan gamarTul SetakebaSi igi tyved Cavarda.

 


Copyright © 2009 Napoleonic Society of Georgia. All rights reserved.