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napoleonis janmrTelobis Sesaxeb


nikoloz beburiSvili
saqarTvelos napoleonis sazogadoeba

 

    napoleon bonapartis gansacvifrebeli cxovreba TiTqmis ori saukunea aRelvebs adamianebs. mis dabadebaze, aRzrdaze, samxedro moRvaweobaze da saidumlo burusiT mocul sikvdilze aTasobiT wignia dawerili. jer kidev imperatoris sicocxleSi am legendarul adamians pirad eqimebTan (korvizari, antomarqi, arnoti, o’mira da a.S.) erTad akvirdebodnen sxvadasxva profesiis adamianebi da mecnierebi, romelTac surdaT napoleon bonapartis fenomenis amocnoba. amitom, rasakvirelia, xSiria gansxvavebuli azris dafiqsireba imperatoris ama Tu im faqtis mimarT (mag. imperatioris simaRlec ki istoriul dokumentebSi meryeobs 154 sm-dan 168 sm-mde).
Cveni mizani iyo, imperatoris biografiis Sesaxeb CvenTvis xelmisawvdomi masalebis SejerebiT, gadmogveca, Tu ra daavadebebiT avadmyofobda napoleon bonaparte. aqedan gamomdinare, qvemoT moyvanili masalebi alternatiulia.
    unda aRiniSnos, rom imperatoris amqveynad movlinebis pirveli wuTebi metad kuruiozuli iyo. ~leticia buonapartem, romelic saxlSi ar imyofeboda, igrZno ra samSobiaro Setevebis moaxloeba, moaswro sastumro oTaxSi Serbena da, vinaidan mis axlos aravin imyofeboda, mSobiarobis Sedegad nayofi dedis saSvilosnodan iatakze davardnili aRmoCnda~
    bavSvi daibada dRenakluli, mcire wonis da zomis, xSirad avadmyofobda. siymawvileSi momaval imperators hqonda gamxdari, ferdakarguli da avadmyofuri gamometyveleba. axalgazrda asakSi 20-dan 30-wlamde fizikuri gadaRlisa da gonebrivi daZabulobis dros napoleons emarTeboda e.w. ~tvinis qartexilebi~, Rebinebis SetevebiTa da gonebis dakargviT. Setevebis damTavrebis Semdeg, imperators awuxebda Zlieri da xangrZlivi Tavis tkivilebi. leib eqimis korvizaris dakvirvebiT, napoleons Cveulebriv hqonda gaiSviaTebuli majiscema, daaxloebiT 48-50 cema/wuTSi, rac medicinaSi Sesulia terminiT ~napoleonis pulsi~.
30 wlis asakSi napoleonma daiwyo progresulad gasuqeba. mas aReniSneboda e.w. ~qaluri tipis~ sumsuqne gulmkerdis, barZayebisa da boqvenis areSi. imperatoris gvamis gakveTis daskvnaSi eqimi genri werda:~misi sxeulis mTeli zedapiri gadafaruli iyo cximis sqeli feniT. gulmkerdis Zvalze, romelic yvelaze zedapirulad iTvleba adamianis sxeulSi, cximis sisqe iyo 1 diumi, mucelze ki 1,5-2 diumi~ .     adipozur-genitaluri distrofia napoleons gauCnda ara bavSvobis asakSi, rogorc es Cveulebriv xdeba xolme, aramed mowifulobisas.
    imperators mudmivad awuxebda Seciebis, JrJolis SegrZneba. ~erTaderTi ris nebasac aZlevda Tavs angariSiani imperatori iyo mogizgize buxari, zafxulis TveebSic ki, rogorc sasaxleSi aseve savele pirobebSi~
     xSiri Sardva, mcire ulufebT, romelic napoleons axalgazrdobis wlebidan awuxebda iwvevda imas, rom mas ar SeeZlo zedized 2-3 saaTze meti Zili. gvamis gakveTis Semdeg Sardis buStSi aRmoCenili iyo anTebiTi kerebi da kenWebi. eqim antomarqis cnobiT, tkivilebi imdenad Semawuxebeli iyo xolme, rom imperators ar   SeeZlo cxenze jdoma da saerTod siarulic uWirda.
    xazi unda gaesvas im garemoebas, rom napoleons aReniSneboda garegani sasqeso niSnebis simcire, xolo misi seqsualuri impulsebi xasiaTdeboda uecari warmoSobiTa da  swrafi gaqrobiT. rogorc cnobilia mas sami Svili hyavda (samive sxvadasxva qalisgan).
    1913 wels Sotlandielma eqimma guntriem ivarauda, rom 1809-1810 ww. imperators hipofizis keTilTvisebiani simsivne ganuviTarda. nivTierebaTa cvlis moSla, majiscemis gaiSviaTeba, sxeulis mudmivma dabalma temperatura, xSiri Tavis tkivilebi, metyvelebis Seneleba, guntriem daukavSira rogorc hipofizis, agreTve masTan axlo mdebare jirkval hipotalamusis funqciebis moSlas.
    me-20 saukunis 70-ian wlebSi moskovis bavSvTa qirurgiis samecniero sakvlevi institutis mecnierTa jgufma gamoTqva mosazreba, rom napoleoni avadmyofobda vegeterosisxlZarRvovani distoniiT. Seajeres ra kliniko-anamnezuri monacemebi, isini logikurad mividnen daskvnamde: cdomili nervis tonusis epizoduri gaRizianeba iwvevda sisxlis mimoqcevis moSlas, majiscemis Sesustebas, tvinis uJangbadobas (hipoqsia), Sardis buStis xSir gaRiazianebas da SerJolebas. vinaidan imperatoris Tanamedrove eqimebis mier gamokveTilad ar aris miTiTebuli krunCxvis wina aura da TviT epilefsiuri krunCxva, rusma mecnierebma msgavsi movlenebi vegetodistoniis vagonotonuri formis simptomatikis anareklad Catvales.
    gansakuTrebiT aRniSvnis Rirsia, kuWis kibos diagnozi, romelic imperatoris gvamis gakveTis Semdgom iqna aRiarebuli misi sikvdilis mizezad. oficialuri versiis Sesabamisad, napoleoni swored kuWis kibos Sedegead gardaicvala (Tumca Cveni saukunis 50-ian wlebSi sten forSxvudisa da ben veideris mier Seiqmna axaliversia- bonapartis mowamvlis Sesaxeb). TviT imperatori Rrmad iyo darwmunebuli, rom daavadebuli iyo am ukurnebeli seniT. cnobilia misi gamoTqma:~kibo - es aris vaterloo, romelic Cems SigniT aris.~
    Cveni saukunis 50-ian wlebSi frangma mecnierebma gamoTqves varaudi, rom napoleoni daavadebuli iyo ara kuWis kiboTi, aramed zolinger-elisonis sindromiT. es aris kuWqveSa jirkvlis (pankreasis) keTiliTvisebiani simsivne, Serwymuli kuWis da Tormetgoja nawlavis peptikur wylulebTan da klinikurad mJRavndeba Zlieri, gamWoli tkivilis recidivebiT muclis areSi, sisxldeniT nawlavebidan, kuWis wvenis mometebuli sekreciiT.
TanamedroveTa gadmocemebis mixedviT, muclis tkivilis Setevebis dros, imperatori kargavda fers, Tvalebi ufarTovdeboda, tkivilisagan Ronemixdili iklakneboda. imperatoris leib eqimebis o’mira da antomarqi iZulebuli xdebodnen, miecaT misTvis wamlebis gansakuTrebiT didi dozebi, es wamlebi ki Seicavdnen dReisaTvis Sxamad aRiarebuli sindiys, antimors, stibiums, dariSxans da sxva. saerTod napoleonis cxovrebis Semswavlel mecnierTa Soris miRebulia Sexeduleba, rom imperatoris leib eqimebi ar gamoirCeodnen medicinaSi maincdamainc didi niWiTa da codniT. TavianTi gamoCenli pacientis mklurnalobaSi isini xSirad elementarul Secdomebs uSvebdnen.
    wminda elenes kunZulze gadasaxlebis Semdeg, napoleons Seeqmna problemebi aklimatizaciasTan. wm. elenes kunZulis hava sakmaod notioa (kunZuli tropikul sartyelSi mdebareobs) da uamindoba napoleons xSirad ar aZlevda sufTa haerze seirnobis saSualebas. gadasaxlebis wlebis meti wili man buxarTan gaatara. amave periodSi daewyo mas mxedvelobis mkveri daqveiTeba, rac klimatis SecvlasTan erTad, SesaZlebelia axalgazrdobaSi misi Sorsmxedvelobis brali yofiliyo.
    imperatori gamudmebiT ganicdida stresebs, icoda ra rom imyofeboda ingliselTa ganuwyveteli meTvalyureobisa da jaSuSobis qveS. amasTan, safrangeTis (xolo gvian periodSi, TiTqmis mTeli evropis) xelisuflebis saTaveSi yofnis dros kolosaluri datvirTvas miCveuli napoleoni ver egueboda wm. eleze misTvis SemoTavazebul rutinul cxovrebas, ris gamoc xSirad depresiaSi vardeboda.
Zalzed sainteresoa, rom ferebs Soris, napoleoni upiratesobas aniWebda mwvane fers. mis apartamentebSi ZiriTadad mwvane feri dominirebda.
    bunebrivia, mkiTxvels daebadeba kiTxva - rogor moaxerxa am adamianma, amdeni daavadebisa da mankis miuxedavad, SeuZlebelis SeZleba da kacobriobis istoriaSi erT-erTi yvelaze  gamoCenili adamianis saxelis mopoveba ?
    pasuxi ki, Cveni azriT, unda veZioT am didi pirovnebis fenomenSi, romelsac Cveulebriv adamianur TvisebebTan erTad gaaCnda gansakuTrebuli piraduli fsiqologiuri Tvisebebi: gasaocari mizandasaxuloba da energia, rkiniseburi nebisyofa, fantastikuri winaswarganWvretis niWi da ltolva sakuTari bedis varskvlavisaken.

 


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